DUE DATE: 29 July 2020 (to be uploaded to Moodle no later than 11:59 p.m.) LENGTH: 2,000 words, +/- 10% (please include a word count with your essay) WEIGHTING: 25% All essays must be typed, double-spaced and in Times New Roman 12-point font. Students should read and follow the citation guide posted on Moodle. ASSESSMENT CRITERIA: The essay will be marked according to the following criteria: Has a clear and consistent argument that answers the question Shows control of the essay form, including the introduction, conclusion, and use of quotations Constructs an argument based on the ancient sources Engages critically with the ancient sources and modern scholarship Writes in a distinctive voice, showing originality of thought and flair Writes in clear and correct English Cites evidence correctly READINGS: It is expected that essays will focus on the ancient sources from the relevant module(s) for each question. Students are required to consider at minimum SIX (6) ancient sources in their essays. (Each individual text in WLGR counts as one ancient source.) ( *** https://diotima-doctafemina.org/translations/anthologies/womens-life-in-greece-and-rome-selections/). In addition to the ancient sources, students are expected to read and make use of at least THREE (3) works of modern scholarship in answering their chosen question. Essays should NOT cite the lecture snippets. Any item of modern scholarship included in a relevant module is an acceptable choice. Students may also wish to look at some of the easily available items listed below. Students are welcome to do their own research, provided they understand that not all scholarship is created equal, and that general online encyclopaedic sites, such as Wikipedia or Britannica Online, will not be considered acceptable examples of modern scholarship. Students are welcome to cite ancient sources not set for the modules (such as other readings in WLGR) but this is by no means necessary. Please answer ONE (1) of the following questions: 1. To what extent were men and women equally constrained by society and expected gender roles in the ancient world? In your answer, please focus on either Classical Greece or Rome. 2. What were the opportunities for independent action for women in either Classical Greece or Rome? 3. What can funerary inscriptions (epitaphs) tell us about men, women, and the relationships between the sexes in the ancient world? 4. What were the consequences (civic, social, or otherwise) for failing to adhere to expected gender roles in either Classical Greece or Rome? In your answer, you may choose to focus on men, women, or both. 5. A woman in the ancient world who was not a mother was not really a woman. To what extent is this statement true of either Classical Greece or Rome?