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Rhetorical Analysis Essay-English

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Rhetorical Analysis Essay Outline I. Introduction: A. Write the name of author. (Jean Anyon)Then, the title of the work in quotation. (“From Social Class and the Hidden Curriculum of Work” B. Next, identify the author’s work to establish credibility & authority. C. Next shift to the major assertion thesis statement of the work, using accurate verb (such as “assert,” “argue,” “suggest,” “imply,” “claim,” etc.); D. Write an explanation of how the author develops and/or supports the thesis, in chronological order.(These strategies will support your point.) E. Your thesis is to write a statement of what you think is the author’s apparent purpose. (5-7 sentences) II. Body Paragraph #1: A. Point: Write a topic sentence/transition using the author’s last name. Begin with/by making your claim about what strategy you see working. Address what is the purpose of the writer’s essay. (2 sentences) B. Illustration A: Write a summary of the quotation that is explicit to the quote. This supports your claim. (5 sentences) C. Illustration B: Insert a quotation to support idea the summary(4 lines for an incitation or a 5 lined block quotation) D. Explanation: Explain how the examples supports idea: Connect the strategy back to your main claim, thesis by explaining why the strategy works. III. Body Paragraph #2: A. Point: Write a topic sentence/transition that buildings off the strategy he/she used to connect an idea from the last sentence of the previous paragraph to the first sentence of this paragraph showing how the strategies build upon each other.(1-2 sentences) B. Illustration A: Write a summary of the quotation that is explicit to the quote. This supports your claim. (5 sentences) C. Illustration B: Insert a quotation to support idea the summary(4 lines for an incitation or a 5 lined block quotation) D. Explanation: Explain how the examples supports idea: Connect the strategy back to your main claim, thesis by explaining why the strategy works. IV. Last Body Paragraph: A. Point: Write a topic sentence/transition that buildings off the strategy he/she used to connect an idea from the last sentence of the previous paragraph to the first sentence of this paragraph showing how the strategies build upon each other.(1-2 sentences) B. Illustration A: Write a summary of the quotation that is explicit to the quote. This supports your claim. (5 sentences) C. Illustration B: Insert a quotation to support idea the summary(4 lines for an incitation or a 5 lined block quotation) D. Explanation: Explain how the examples supports idea: Connect the strategy back to your main claim, thesis by explaining why the strategy works. V. Conclusion A. Restatement of thesis that digs deeper into the overall intended meaning of the text than the one in the introductory paragraph (Try not to begin your conclusion paragraph with “In conclusion”). B. Reflection on examples and main ideas in body paragraphs, significance of these strategies, AND how they are linked to your thesis. C. State if these were effective in conveying the claim/thesis/purpose. D. Closing thought – closing out the main purpose of the text being analyzed. Definitions of the Rhetorical Devices Ethos: This appeal involves convincing your audience that you are intelligent and can be trusted. Writers cannot simply say to their audience “I can be trusted because I’m smart and a good person.” This appeal is perhaps the most difficult to establish; you have to prove yourself by demonstrating that you understand what you are arguing because: You are providing • personal experience or • know someone else who has personal experience, You are using expert support • through extensive research, • through up-to-date research • through recognized authorities in the field (this will also help to prevent your appeal from seeming too personal) • Trustworthiness?Does your audience believe you are a good person who can be trusted to tell the truth? • Similarity?Does the writer try to get the reader to identify with him or her? This can be done through language • Authority?Does the writer have formal or informal authority? Does the writer try to relate to the reader? • Reputation?What are the expertise the writer uses? How many does he use? What are their areas of authority Logos This appeal to logic when you rely on your audience’s intelligence and when you offer credible evidence to support your argument. That evidence includes: • FACTS- These are valuable because they are not debatable; they represent the truth • EXAMPLES- These include events or circumstances that your audience can relate to their life • PRECEDENTS- These are specific examples (historical and personal) from the past • AUTHORITY- The authority must be timely (not out-dated), and it must be qualified to judge the topic • DEDUCTIVE/INDUCTIVE- Deductive reasoning is when you pick apart evidence to reach conclusions, and inductive reasoning is when you add logical pieces to the evidence to reach conclusions. Pathos What is Pathos? The word pathos is derived from the ancient Greek word for “suffering” or “experience”. 1. Pathogen and pathology describe the source of a patient’s disease or suffering. 2. Empathy is the ability to share the emotions of another person. 3. Sympathy describes a similar ability to share emotions, usually negative emotions such as pain or sadness. 4. Antipathy equates with strong, negative emotions toward another. 5. Something that is pathetic is likely to arouse either compassion or contempt. All of these related words focus on the concept of shared experience or shared emotions. As a speaker, your goal is to create a shared emotional experience with your audience. Pathos describes the writer’s ability to evoke the reader’s emotions and strategically connect these emotions with elements of your speech. Pathos: Evoking Emotions In Your Audience This leads to the obvious question — what emotions can the writer evoke? The simple answer is “all of them So does the writer create a shared emotional experience with the reader? • Anger and Calmness • Friendship and Enmity • Fear and Confidence • Shame and Shamelessness • Kindness and Unkindness • Pity and Indignation • Envy and Emulation • Or • Basic Emotions o Joy — Sadness o Trust — Disgust o Fear — Anger o Surprise — Anticipation o Advanced Emotions o Optimism — Disappointment o Love — Remorse o Submission — Contempt Pathos: Why Evoke Audience Emotions at All? If evoking a particular emotion was the final result, it would quite a useless endeavor. Randomly making the reader feel anger or joy or fear or hope will not, in itself, get you anywhere. Emotions do not persuade in solitude. Aristotle knew that the emotion must be linked with arguments. In other words, is the writer making the reader angry, and direct that anger at his or her opponent? If your reader is angry at his opponent, they will be more receptive to hear the ideas. ? The reader will be more likely to understand the writer’s perspective (via the shared emotion or experience). ? The reader will be more likely to accept the claims. ? The reader will be more likely to act on his or her call-to-action.